Building the State to Local Architecture for School Improvement – 11 Key Levers to Support Leaders in Implementing a Robust System under ESSA

Published Winter 2018
by Scott Palmer and Kathryn Young

The purpose of this brief is to outline for states, districts, leaders, and communities the architecture (11 critical components) to best support efforts to design, implement, and continuously improve effective school improvement plans under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).  These 11 components should help leaders evolve school improvement systems in a way that is integrated, coherent, and aligned with an overarching theory of action.  They can be leveraged to help states, districts, and school leaders communicate and advance priorities and evidence-based improvements in implementing ESSA’s school improvement provisions.